Reports of the Seroepidemiologic Survey for Human Sparganosis in Mto wa Mbu Division, Monduli District, Tanzania

Reports of the Seroepidemiologic Survey for Human Sparganosis in Mto wa Mbu Division, Monduli District, Tanzania

Sparganum is a pseudophyllidean tapeworm of the genus Spirometra plerocercoid. Northern Tanzania has been confirmed to have human sparganosis. In order to detect anti-sparganum specific IgG antibodies in the serum of normal inhabitants of Mto wa Mbu, Monduli District, Tanzania, a seroepidemiologic survey was performed. Sera was screened for antisparganum antibodies using the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay ( ELISA). The positive antisparganum antibody incidence was 116 (62.7 percent) in 185 subjects. Of these, 17 (9.2) were adult males, 80 (43.2%) were adult females, and 19 (10.3%) were children (< 18). Questionnaire data for all 116 positive ELISA residents showed that they had a history of consuming game meat and drinking water from running springs. The data showed that ELISA would be useful for the identification of infected cases among normal residents in endemic areas of sparganosis.

Author (s) Details

N. J. Kavana
Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O.Box 3019, Morogoro, Tanzania.

C. J. Kasanga
Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O.Box 3019, Morogoro, Tanzania.

A. A. Kassuku
Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O.Box 3019, Morogoro, Tanzania.

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