The prevention and management of cancer are significant health concerns. Cancer treatment has broader importance nowadays. Cancer is not limited to humans and higher mammals, but affects nearly all species, plants and animals that are multicellular. Palliative Care is an approach that enhances the quality of life of patients and their families facing the issue of life-threatening disease, through the prevention and relief of distress through early diagnosis, impeccable evaluation, treatment of pain and other issues, physical, psychosocial and spiritual. In the Scottish Intercollegiate National Guidelines, the most detailed analysis of the evidence basis of palliative medicine pain treatment can be found, grief is likely to persist for a long time and can recur in a changed form, stimulated by anniversaries, potential losses or other reminders. The experience of grief is likely to alter people, but most find, with time, that they are able to work well and enjoy life again. There are many different kinds of pain, including surgery-induced pain, injury, nerve damage, and conditions such as diabetes. By using drugs administered by mouth or targeted injections, it often addresses pain that does not have a specific cause. In terms of finding meaning, reason, and relation to a higher force, spirituality is an aspect of one’s existence, and it helps the person to work effectively towards his or her life goal. Spirituality is believed to be an important element that provides a framework for cancer patients to derive hope and meaning from diagnosis through care, survival, recurrence, and dying to cope with their disease, and it could serve as a protective buffer for the worsening impacts of life stress and illness. A compatible primary provider is difficult to find. Choices about insurance are frustrating. There are daunting hospitals. It’s frightening to be sick. Yet he is his best advocate when it comes to the welfare of the patient, so he has to take charge. The key difference between palliative care and hospice care is that palliative care can start at any point in the continuum of cancer care, but hospice care starts when curative treatment is no longer the priority of care and quality of life is the primary focus. The end-of-life period usually lasts from a matter of days to a couple of weeks when body systems shut down and death is inevitable. Some patients die calmly and kindly, while others appear to be struggling against the inevitable. In this method, telling your loved one that it is okay to die will benefit both of you. Hydration choices, breathing assistance, and other treatments should be compatible with the wishes of your loved one.
Amit Kumar Dutta
Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Jharkhand, Ranchi, India.