Women’s and Gender Studies in English-Speaking Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review of Research in the Social Sciences
This article seeks to broaden understanding of issues and controversies addressed in social science research on women’s and gender studies by researchers and activists based in English-speaking sub-Saharan Africa. The topics covered were selected from those ratified by African women in the Africa Platform for Action in 1995 as well as from current debates on the politics of identity. The common feminist issues the authors identified were health; gender-based violence; sexuality, education, globalization and work; and politics, the state, and nongovernmental organizations. In addition, the authors address theoretical and methodological trends. All four coauthors are feminist sociologists: One scholar is based in an African academic institution, two are Africans based in U.S. academic institutions, and one is an African American based in a U.S. academic institution. 
Theorizing Women’s Studies Gender Studies and Masculinity: The Politics of Naming
This paper theorizes the relationship between women’s studies and gender studies and will explore the increasing use of the category ‘gender’ to analyse sexual divisions and the related growth of gender studies courses. It will also examine the creation of ‘men’s studies’ courses and an increasing emphasis on the deconstruction of masculinity within social theory. A number of questions are raised around these shifts and changes. Should we welcome them because they broaden the scope of theoretical enquiry, encompassing both female and male experience, and further the institutionalization of gender issues within the academy? Or should we be critical of such developments because they may lead to a narrower political and theoretical agenda in terms of analyses of women’s experience?
Abrahami-Einat, Judith (1993) ‘Cultural Differences and their Effect on Different Programmes of Women’s Studies’, paper given at the KEGME/UNESCO International Seminar ‘Gender Studies Towards The Year 2000’ , Athens, 2-5 June 1993. 
Is the ‘F’-word still dirty? A past, present and future of/for feminist and gender studies in Organization
This article looks back at 20 years of feminist/gender theory in Organization. In these years a very rich variety of articles has drawn on feminist and gender perspectives. This suggests that Organization is a welcome site for exploring feminist and gender theories and their contribution to critical analysis of organizations. However, the more theoretically sophisticated work that is to be found in feminist and gender studies has not yet been explored in much depth. There is unfilled potential here. The article looks forward to the next decade by discussing a small selection from the treasure house of feminist theorists and concerns that could offer rich insights for management and organization theory. There are many others; this discussion introduces theorists who will be new to some readers, and might provoke more general interest in feminist thought. 
Gender Variation Studies in Dermatoglyphic Patterns (Level 2 Details) of the Ikwerre Ethnic Group in Rivers State, Nigeria
Background to the Study: Dermatoglyphics have had several definitions but each boils down to a simple sentence ‘act, process or science of studying ridge patterns on the skin of the palm, fingers, foot and toes of primates. So much have been done on this area from the inception of the study till date. One of it is the ethnohistoric facts that can be obtained from dermatoglyphics and most recently its usefulness in tracing ancestry. There are lots of works on dermatoglyphics at level 1 details only last year we had a study on level 2 details which goes as far as revealing the uniqueness of such individuals or group of people under study.
Aims: This study was aimed at establishing whether there is a variation in gender at level 2 details in the dermatoglyphic patterns of the Ikwerre people of Rivers State, Nigeria.
Study Design: A Non-experimental analytical design.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Anatomy, University of Port Harcourt between March 2016 and August 2016.
Methodology: 100 subjects were used for the study which comprised 58 males and 42 females. The data was captured using the standard electronic scanner device and classified into the 10 different patterns at level 2 details. The various patterns types: bifurcation, trifurcation, ridge ending, bridge, lake, double bifurcation, island, dot, ridge crossing and opposed bifurcation were counted with the aid of a laptop zooming tool for a clearer view. Data analysis was done using z-test of proportionality.
Results: Males had the following distributions: Ridge ending 33.8%, Opposed bifurcation 2.6%, Bridge 3.1%, Lake (enclosure) 7.2% Bifurcation 43.9%, Double bifurcation 1.2%, Dot 2.5%, Trifurcation 2.2%, Island 1.4% Ridge crossing 2.1% while the females had the following: Ridge ending 10.6%, Opposed bifurcation 2.9%, Bridge 2.4%, Lake (enclosure) 9.9%, Bifurcation 51.8%, Double bifurcation 2.2%, Dot 5.9%, Trifurcation 8.2%, Island 2.9%, Ridge crossing 3.2%.
Conclusion: The results have revealed the distribution/ prevalence of the level 2 details of the dermatoglyphic patterns seen in the Ikwerre people and have also shown that there was sexual dimorphism in the distribution of these patterns. On comparison, there was a statistical significant difference (p=.05) between the distribution of patterns in the males and females. 
A Survey of Gender Representation in Social Studies Textbooks of Ethiopian Primary Schools
This study was an attempt to investigate and analyze gender representation in second cycle (grade 5-8) primary schools Social Studies textbooks. For this purpose, four Social Studies textbooks which are in use in grades 5, 6, 7, and 8 were investigated thoroughly. The content analysis method was employed. The results revealed that there is no fair representation of females and males in some gender related characteristics. The supremacy of males over females was observed in terms of names (X2 = 122.64, df = 1, p< 0.05) and pronouns (X2 = 46.76, df = 1, p<0.05) and it was suggested that reconsideration Should be made in revising and/or producing new textbooks, if necessary, in the future. 
 Ampofo, A.A., Beoku-Betts, J., Njambi, W.N. and Osirim, M., 2004. Women’s and gender studies in English-speaking sub-Saharan Africa: A review of research in the social sciences. Gender & Society, 18(6), pp.685-714.
 Richardson, D. and Robinson, V., 1994. Theorizing Women’s Studies Gender Studies and Masculinity: The Politics of Naming. European Journal of Women’s Studies, 1(1), pp.11-27.
 Harding, N., Ford, J. and Fotaki, M., 2013. Is the ‘F’-word still dirty? A past, present and future of/for feminist and gender studies in Organization. Organization, 20(1), pp.51-65.
 Paul, C. W. and Paul, J. N. (2017) “Gender Variation Studies in Dermatoglyphic Patterns (Level 2 Details) of the Ikwerre Ethnic Group in Rivers State, Nigeria”, Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, 19(2), pp. 1-8. doi: 10.9734/JPRI/2017/29243.
 Dejene, W. (2017) “A Survey of Gender Representation in Social Studies Textbooks of Ethiopian Primary Schools”, Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 21(1), pp. 1-7. doi: 10.9734/BJESBS/2017/32754.