Multiple Survey Report of Cloud Adoption and its Major Barriers in the Perspective of Bangladesh: A Review

Cloud computing is referred to as globalisation in the context of computers and the internet. People use cloud technology on a daily basis, either directly or indirectly. Cloud computing is getting more widespread in every developed country, yet it is still uncommon in most third-world developing countries, such as Bangladesh. Cloud computing is controlled by Cloud Management tools, loaded by various other software testing tools, and tested by different other software testing tools. This article will provide a comprehensive overview of cloud computing’s continual advancement, advantages, downsides, dependencies, and maturity from 2012 to the present. We’ll also provide the most recent country rankings for cloud usage. In addition, one of our main objectives will be to examine major roadblocks to cloud adoption. Finally, we will offer some initial activities to integrate cloud technology in our country based on the earlier trade-off elements in the survey report.

Author (S) Details

Md. Masudul Islam
Department of CSE, Bangladesh University of Business and Technology (BUBT), Bangladesh.

Mijanur Rahaman
Department of CSE, Bangladesh University of Business and Technology (BUBT), Bangladesh.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/MPEBM-V7/article/view/3627

Study of the Implementation of Integrated Science Curriculum at Grade 8 in Bangladesh: An Approach towards Challenges and Way Forward

This paper looks at the challenges science teachers experience when implementing the integrated Science Curriculum 2012 in Grade 8 and suggests a solution for overcoming them. A mixed-methods technique was used to perform the study. Bangladeshi Grade 8 Science teachers took part in this research. A variety of survey questionnaires and an interview schedule were used to obtain data. With Grade 8 science teachers, science curriculum professionals assessed and pre-tested data collection procedures. Descriptive statistics were used to interpret the survey results. To understand the findings, both qualitative and quantitative data were triangulated. Grade 8 Science instructors reported concerns such as unfriendly texts, insufficient physical and instructional facilities, a lack of teachers’ professional abilities, inconsistent in-service training, ineffective instructional monitoring, and a mentorship system. Regular professional development activities, the modernization of instructional facilities, the improvement of the physical environment, the updating of the Grade 8 Science textbook, and the development of a continuous instructional monitoring and mentoring system were all suggested as ways to move forward.

Author (S) Details

Mohammed Zakir Hossain
Institute of Education and Research, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/MPLLE-V9/article/view/3601

 

Do Remittances from Emigrants Cause “Dutch Disease” in Nepal and Bangladesh?

Using a vector auto-regression estimator, this research investigates the Dutch Disease effects of international migrant remittances in Nepal and Bangladesh. The reason for focusing on two economies is because the disparities in their economic performances may reveal what mechanisms cause received remittances to cause or not cause the Dutch Disease. According to the causes and outcomes of the study, the Dutch Disease exists in Nepal but not in Bangladesh. dynamic remittances-to-manufacturing-services ratio responses We hypothesise that the discrepancies in the consequences of the Dutch Disease are due to differences in demand structures and governmental efforts for industrial development in both economies. The strategic conclusion of the research findings is the importance of improving institutional quality to promote suitable industrial strategies in remittance-dependent countries to avoid the Dutch Disease.

Author (S) Details

Hiroyuki Taguchi
Department of Japanese and Asian Studies, Saitama University, 255 Shimo-Okubo, Sakura-ku, Saitama, 338-8570, Japan.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/MPEBM-V4/article/view/2648

Study on Energy Efficiency and Green Activity Trends in Bangladesh

This chapter aims to determine the trends in energy consumption patterns among residents of typical apartment dwelling in Dhaka, Bangladesh, utilising water, gas, and electricity as indicators. Green activities have increased in Bangladesh during the last decade as a result of increased urbanisation and a high concentration of industry. Some supportive variables are studied in this chapter in order to enable and assure that it continues to flourish. One of the most important drivers of the country’s market preparedness for green activities is the residents’ degree of knowledge. To demonstrate this, data on energy usage patterns were collected from Dhaka households over a two-year period between 2011 and 2019. Because the city and the environment are a symbiosis and not one without the other, a demand for city rehabilitation is always in action in tandem with the city’s development. The human dynamic is analysed by aggregating residents’ responses in order to determine whether or not humans are the most important determinant in the structure or destruction of the metropolis. Over the course of a decade, this research has found that becoming conscious citizens and starting change with one person is the most effective way to affect change locally, nationally, and worldwide.

Author (s) Details


Ishita Mouri Rahman
Milano School of Policy, Management and Environment, The New School, USA.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V8/article/view/1948

A Descriptive study on the Livelihood Status of Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) Fishermen of Greater Noakhali Regions of Bangladesh

During August 2014 to January 2015, the current study aimed to explain the livelihood status of Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) fishermen in Lakshmipur and Noahkali Districts in Bangladesh by means of a questionnaire survey tool. Pangas (Pangasius pangasius), Koral (Lates calcarifer) and Poa (Johnius coitor) were also found to be captured during Hilsa fishing, as by catching Chandi jal (set gill net). The use of mechanised (5-40 HP; Horse Power) boats in the study areas has been observed by 85% of fishermen. Hilsa fishing was observed mostly during October-November, while such activities were almost absent during February-May (off-period), forcing fishermen to temporarily begin migrating for their livelihoods to the nearby urban areas. Average net profits of fishermen on a daily basis during fishing The duration was 600 BDT, while their actual daily field income by fishing is expected to be 1695 BDT if they are assisted by nets, ships, fuels, etc., which means that the aratdars take almost 64 percent of their daily income. In the adjacent region, the socio-economic situation of the fishermen was not satisfactory. Therefore, for the better livelihood of the fishermen in the greater Noakhali region, subsidies could be suggested as a means of networks, boats, fuels, engines, etc.

Author (s) Details

Md. Jahangir Sarker
Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

A. M. M. Borhan Uddin
Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

Md. Shamsul Alam Patwary
Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

Mehedi Hasan Tanmay
Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

Farhana Rahman
Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

Moshiur Rahman
Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

View Book :- https://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/288

An Assessmental Study on the Determination of Heavy Metals in Sediment of Fish Farms in Bangladesh

Despite scarce scientific work on revier sediemtn and fish in Bangladesh, heavy metal pollution of aquatic ecosystems is often most evident in sediments, but unfortunately no work has yet been published particularly on heavy metal contamination of fresh water fish farm sediments. In order to assess the environmental contamination of the selected fish farms in Mymensingh, Bangladesh, heavy metals in mud surface sediments have been found. Surface sediment samples (0-15 cm) were collected with a single core sampler from 20 fish farm ponds in February 2014 and analysed to measure the concentrations (mg/Kg DW) of zinc (Zn), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr). In the current analysis, the calculated concentration of heavy metals was in the order of Zn > Cr > Ni > Pb > Cd, which is very similar to other pond mud sediment results. The mean Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni concentrations observed in the present study were 208, 14.845, 0.009, 63.0544, 63.0544. And 58.665 mg/kg respectively, respectively. In total sediments, the range of measured concentrations (mg/kg) was 11.5-18.5 for Pb, 0.007-0.011 for Cd, 53.5-77.3 for Cr, 50.8-66.4 for Ni and 100-250 for Zn. In all sediment samples, the concentrations of Zn and Ni were above the guidelines of the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) for highly polluted sediments and the concentration of Cr dropped below the moderately polluted range. As per USEPA, the metal concentrations of Pb and Cd are far below the controlled level. The study results therefore showed that the consistency of the pond mud sediment in the Mymensingh area could be regarded as highly and moderately contaminated for Zn, Ni and Cr, respectively.

Author (s) Details

Md. Jahangir Sarker
Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

Indrani Kanungo
Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

Mehedi Hasan Tanmay
Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

Md. Shamsul Alam Patwary
Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

View Book :- https://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/288

Cancer Prevention and Control in Bangladesh: Mass Awareness is Needed

Here we discuss the mass population perception and life style practices on cancer in a group of Bangladeshi people. Based on our conducted survey findings, we highlighted the important issues to address for reducing the cancer incidence of the country. In 2016, we reported a cancer knowledge and perception survey findings conducted on Bangladeshi people. The survey questionnaire was developed based on the WHO country level cancer risk assessment report. A total of 407 respondents were invited randomly using social networks and personal communication to take part into the survey. We included 253 respondents with information of knowledge and current life style practices towards cancer prevention. We found that only one-third of the respondents irrespective of age groups- No vs. Yes: 96 (37.95%) vs. 157 (62.05%), p<0.00001 had known that cancer can be prevented by modifying life styles. Female respondents had remarkably lower level of knowledge and perception on specific cancer prevention knowledge compared to their male counterpart. Irrespective of age groups and gender, about 67% (n=169) and 45% (n=113) of the respondents knew about the impact of chewing or smoking tobacco and non-food grade preservatives, chemicals, ripening agents on developing cancer, respectively; however, only one-fourth (n=73, 28.65%) respondents knew that physical inability or obesity is a risk factor for cancer. Stopped/never smoking, avoid consuming food with food additives/preservatives, alcohol consumption were found the three most common practices among the respondents towards cancer prevention. The study provides important baseline information on preventable cancer risk perception in Bangladesh. In this chapter, we comprehend our survey findings in details including the cancer screening perception and practices of the respondents. Our results indicate that a comprehensive cancer awareness program is needed to reduce the cancer burden in Bangladesh.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Kanchan Chakma,
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh and Health Awareness Network for Disease Prevention (HAND), USA.

Dr. Chandra Nath Roy,
Health Awareness Network for Disease Prevention (HAND), USA and Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Dr. Anjan Kuman Das,
Delta Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Dr. Mohammad Aminul Hoque,
Department of Gastroenterology, Colonel Malek Medical College, Manikgonj ,  Bangladesh

Dr. Asish Kumar Sarkar
Department of Radiology and Imaging, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh

View Book :- http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/196

Recent Trend of Reference Evapotranspiration under Climate Change Perspective: A Case Study in the North-Eastern Region of Bangladesh

Many processes in the earth surface are affected by climate change. Climate change affects environment, evapotranspiration (or crop water demand), and water resources. Evapotranspiration (ET), the major component of hydrological cycle, affects crop water requirement directly. The objective of this study was to investigate the temporal trends of ET0 in Mymensingh region, the northeastern part of Bangladesh. For this purpose, meteorological parameters collected from meteorological site over a 25-year period were used. Two statistical tests including Mann-Kendall and Sen’s slope estimator (using MEKESENS software) and linear regression (t-test for significance of slope) were used for the analysis. The same analysis was also performed on governing meteorological variables to identify the cause of existence of such trend in ET0. The results showed decreasing trend of ET0 in dry season (Oct. – March), which is mainly caused by decreasing mean temperature and consistent decrease in wind speed. In wet season (April to September), increasing trend was observed in July only; while the other months except September showed decreasing trend. From the results of the two tests (i.e. MAKESENS Software and Linear Regression), it is revealed that these tests had almost similar performance in detecting trend.

Author(s) Details

Dr. M. H. Ali
Agricultural Engineering Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

M. A. Islam
Agricultural Engineering Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, BAU Campus, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

View Book :- http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/184

Population Dynamics of Five Important Commercial Fish Species in the Sundarbans Ecosystem of Bangladesh: Recent Advancement

Aims: To determine the population dynamics and assess the exploitation level of Mystus gulio, Acanthopagrus latus, Chelon parsia, Otolithoides pama and Lates calcarifer in the Sundarbans ecosystem of Bangladesh. Study Design: Monthly length-frequency data of five fish species were collected from the Sundarbans ecosystem. The lengths of five fish species were recorded to the nearest one cm intervals in each month. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted from January to December 2011 in the Sundarbans ecosystem in Bangladesh. Methodology: The FAO-ICLARM Fish Stock Assessment Tools (FiSAT II) software was used to estimate the von Bertalanffy growth parameters (L and K), mortality coefficients (Z, M and F), probability of capture, recruitment pattern and Yield/Biomass-per-recruit for five commercially important fish species caught by fishers in the Sundarbans ecosystem of Bangladesh. Results: In the Sundarbans ecosystem of Bangladesh area the values of asymptotic length (L) for Mystus gulio, Acanthopagrus latus, Chelon parsia, Otolithoides pama and Lates calcarifer were found to be 23.0 cm, 33.6 cm, 30.0 cm, 32.5 cm and 55.0 cm respectively while the growth co-efficient (K) were 0.75, 0.85, 1.1, 0.8 and 0.5 respectively. The estimates for L (23.00 – 55.0 cm) and K (0.5-1.1 year-1) obtained were consistent with those available in the literature. Relatively high K and low L values, typical of short-lived tropical fishes, were obtained for Mystus gulio, Acanthopagrus latus, Chelon parsia and Otolithoides pama. The length growth performance index (’) of the Pauly and Munro’s function was in the range of 2.599 – 3.180. Natural mortality, fishing mortality and total mortality were in the range of 0.956-1.89, 0.55-1.58 and 1.52-3.3 respectively. Estimates for total mortality (Z) and natural mortality (M) imply low annual rates of survival and high turnover rates. The recruitment pattern suggested one main pulse of annual recruitment. The exploitation rate was estimated to be between 27% and 47% and the length at first capture was estimated to be approximately 19-54% of L. The exploitation rate obtained for five fish species are relatively lower compared to other available studies in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. The growth and exploitation rates obtained were compared with available estimates to evaluate the consistency of the results with current knowledge about the species in the region. Conclusion: The study indicated that the length-at-first-capture/L seem to be a simple parameter, which could be used to make a rapid assessment of the status of the stocks. All together, the present study reveals that the population of these five studied species attains acceptable sustainability levels in the Sundarbans ecosystem and scope for a slight increase in catch efforts.

Author(s) Details

Md. Golam Mustafa
Center for Resource Development Studies Ltd, 13C/8C Babar Road, Block B, Mohammadpur, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

Imran Ahmed
Department of Forest, Bon Bhaban, Agargaon, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

Mohammod Ilyas
WorldFish, South Asia, Level 5-7, House 2/B, Road 4, Block B, Banani, Dhaka 1213, Bangladesh.

View Book: – http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/157

Per Pill Price Differences in Bangladesh

The objective of this study was to comprehend the pricing differentiation of essential drugs between the local pharmaceutical companies (LPC) and multinational pharmaceutical companies (MNC) of Bangladesh. Thirty five (35) essential drug prices were collected from a local drug directory, namely Bangladesh National Formulary 2006. The mean and standard deviation of the prices of drugs belonging to all therapeutics categories (Anti-infective drugs, Central nervous system, Respiratory system, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, Endocrine system drugs, Vitamin, drugs for Skin and Analgesic/painkillers) were analyzed. Managers of two multinational companies (MNCs) named GlaxoSmithKline Bangladesh Limited Bangladesh and Sanafi Aventis Bangladesh; and three local pharmaceutical companies (LPCs) named Square Pharmaceuticals Limited, Beximco Pharmaceuticals Limited and Incepta Pharmaceuticals Limited were interviewed after data analysis. A wide range of price variations (p < 0.01) between MNC and LPC essential drug products exist. Antibiotics have higher prices than drug products belonging to other therapeutic groups. Since infectious diseases are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in Bangladesh, the government should consider bearing part of the burden of antibiotic manufacturing costs and deliver antibiotics to the market at reduced price promoting rational prescribing. Further studies are needed to delve the causes of anti-infectives high prices and to propose affordability for treating infectious diseases. This study evaluates the present situation of the pharmaceutical marketing and pricing strategies in Bangladesh in light of the status of the essential drug market. This study will be helpful to assess essential drug affordability, to keep pricing strategies appraised, to advise the drug administration of options and to arrange for appropriate levels of public healthcare.

View Book: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/120