Investigation of Risk Factors Associated with the Frequency of Antibodies against Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina in Cattle in Southern Mozambique

Babesiosis in cattle is a disease caused by Babesia spp., a protozoan spread by ticks of the Ixodidae family, and is a major economic concern in the tropics. It is spread by ticks of the species Rhipicephalus microplus, Rhipicephalus decoloratus, Rhipicephalus everts everts, and Hyalomma marginatum rufipes in Mozambique, and is primarily caused by B. bigemina and B. bovis. The disease is characterised by high rates of morbidity and mortality in tropical and subtropical climates, and it is widespread in southern Mozambique, where beef cattle imported from neighbouring countries make up the majority of livestock. Gender, age, and geographic origin were investigated as risk factors for serological prevalence and molecular diagnostic of B. bigemina and B. bovis in beef cattle in Maputo, Gaza, and Inhambane, southern Mozambique, using an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (i-ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A total of 809 and 240 blood samples from cattle were obtained at random and examined by i-ELISA and PCR at the same time. By i-ELISA, the overall prevalence of B. bigemina and B. bovis was 71.8 percent (n = 581) and 76.6 percent (n = 620), respectively, and by PCR, 11.3 percent (n = 27) and 37.1 percent (n = 89). According to the age and geographic origin of the samples, there was a significant difference in the two illnesses. The findings of this study provide significant information on the epidemiology of B. bigemina and B. bovis infection in beef cattle in the examined region, which can be used by domestic livestock management to plan future disease control actions.

Author (S) Details

António A. M. Tembue

Centro de Investigação e Desenvolvimento em Etnobotânica (CIDE), Rua da Igreja casa Zero, Vila da Namaacha, Maputo, Mozambique.

Cleber O. Soares

Embrapa Gado de Corte, Área de Sanidade Animal, BR 262 Km 4, Caixa Postal 154, Campo Grande, MS 79002-970, Brazil.

Adivaldo H. Fonseca

Curso de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Instituto de Veteri-nária, Universidade Federal Rural de Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/RAAVS-V2/article/view/4090

 

Determine the Prevalence of Fasciolopsis in Cattle Slaughtered at Eke Market Abattoir, Afikpo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

In the current study, feacal samples collected from the rectum of slaughtered cattle were analyzed using the standard floatation technique (saturated sodium chloride) to recover the ova from the feacal samples in order to determine the prevalence of fasciolopsis among cattle slaughtered at the Eke Market abattoir in Afikpo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The liver and other organs of the slaughtered cattle were also tested for Fasciola species post mortem. Between May 2011 and April 2012, 93 (37.89%) of the 256 cattle slaughtered at the Eke Market abattoir tested positive for F. hepatica, while 60 (23.44%) tested negative. contaminated with F. gigantica The prevalence of fasciolopsis on the livers and other organs examined during post mortem examination in this study was 66(25.78%) for F. hepatica and 42(16.41%) for F. gigantica. F. hepatica was the most common fasciolopsis infection in the study area. Balantidium coli infection was found in 46 percent of the cattle sampled (17.97 percent ). Because of the high prevalence of fasciolopsis in the study area, veterinary and health officers should inspect meat slaughtered at the Eke Market before making it available to the public for consumption. A range land devoid of freshwater snails (the intermediate hosts) of Fasci should be provided for cattle headsmen. A range land devoid of freshwater snails (the intermediate hosts of Fasciola infections) should be provided.

Author (s) Details

Ngele, Kalu Kalu

Department of Biology, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu Alike Ikwo, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Ibe, Edward
Department of Science Laboratory Management, School of Science, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CRAVS-V3/article/view/1590

Recent Study on Prevalence of Fasciolosis Emphasis on, Age, Origin, Body Condition and Post Mortem by Geographic Information Systems on Sacrificial Examination in Malang District – East Java, Indonesia

Infection of ruminants with ruminant fasciolosis is a serious problem in animal production, especially in Indonesia. Fasciola gigantica, also known as liver trematode, is an endemic parasitic species with a high infection rate in Malang district. During Eid Qurban 2019, the investigation was conducted to determine the prevalence of fascioliasis in Malang District, East Java. 68 cutting points in 9 sub-districts were used to collect data. A total of 265 cows, 895 goats, and 112 sheep were examined, with the focus on age, origin, body condition, and post-mortem anomalies from the questioners. In the Gondanglegi sub-district, the prevalence of fasciolosis was higher in cattle (57%) than goat (18%). Meanwhile, sheep in Wajak were completely afflicted with fasciolosis. Overall, Malang District given 86 percent of fasciolosis in cattle with good body conditions. Malang District was also responsible for 82 percent of infected goats and 78 percent of infected sheep. Adult cattle (2-3 years) had 53 percent abnormal livers, adult goats and sheep (1-1,5 years) had 78 percent and 89 percent abnormal livers, respectively. Fasciolosis infections are more resistant in adult livestock. The Malang district’s control of fasciolosis infections in large and small animals needs to be improved. The faecal egg analysis should be carried out in endemic areas to better understand fascioliasis distributions and monitor the disease by educating people about the disease’s public health implications.

Author (S) Details

S. R. Kusumarini
Veterinary Parasitology Laboratory Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya Malang, East Java 65151, Indonesia.

F. S. Purnama
Veterinary Anatomy and Histology Laboratory Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya Malang, East Java 65151, Indonesia.

T. Widyaputri
Veterinary Clinical Laboratory Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya Malang, East Java 65151, Indonesia.

D. Prasetyo
Veterinary Clinical Laboratory Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya Malang, East Java 65151, Indonesia.

D. A. Paramanandi
Veterinary Anatomy and Histology Laboratory Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya Malang, East Java 65151, Indonesia.

View Book :-  https://stm.bookpi.org/NUPSR-V2/issue/view/54

Frequencies of Genotypes and Alleles of the K232A Substitution in the DGAT1 Gene in Four Cattle Breeds of Russian Selection | Chapter 09 | Advances in Agriculture and Fisheries Research Vol. 1

The enzyme DGAT1 is involved in the synthesis of triglycerides. The most well-known polymorphic variant of the DGAT1 gene is substitution of lysine with alanine at position 232 of the protein (K232A). The 232K allele is associated with increased enzyme activity and a higher content and yield of fat in milk. There is less data on the frequencies of alleles of this replacement in different breeds in literature. In our research work, we analyzed the frequencies of genotypes and alleles of the K232A substitution in the DGAT1 gene in 4 breeds of Russian selection: Black-and-white Holsteinized, Kalmyk, Ayshire and Angus. We demonstrated that the K allele is minor in the populations of the analyzed cattle breeds.


Author(s) Details

Dr. Eugene Klimov
Center of Experimental Embryology and Reproductive Biotechnologies, Moscow, Russian Federation and  Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Biology, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Anna Arkhipova
Center of Experimental Embryology and Reproductive Biotechnologies, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Svetlana Kovalchuk
Center of Experimental Embryology and Reproductive Biotechnologies, Moscow, Russian Federation.

View Volume: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/138