Investigating the Effects of Two Different Diets on Carcass and Meat Quality Traits of Chato Murciano Pigs

To test the effects of two diets, 40 castrated male pigs of the Spanish autochthonous Chato Murciano breed were utilised. Twenty pigs were fed a high protein/low fat (HP/LF) diet and slaughtered at 125.03 kg LW. The remaining 20 pigs were fed an LP/HF diet and slaughtered at 121.91 kg LW. The effects of diet on carcass and meat quality parameters were studied. Meat samples were collected using the Longissimus lumbar (Ll) muscle. The HP/LF diet resulted in a faster growth rate and more daily weight increase, as well as higher values of ultimate pH (pHu), colour parameters, and Ca, Mg, Zn, K, and Na content in the Longissimus lumbar muscle. Fe and Cu levels were greater on the LP/HF diet. There was a substantial difference in Ll muscle intramuscular fat (IMF) levels, with values of 3.21 percent in the HP/LF group and 11.00 percent in the LP/HF group; however, no variations in dorsal fat thickness measurements were observed. The IMF fatty acid compositions for the HP/LF and LP/HF groups, respectively, were 42.43 and 42.29 percent saturated fatty acids (SFA), 50.34 and 51.35 percent monounsaturated (MUFA), and 7.20 and 6.24 percent polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), with only statistically significant differences in MUFA levels (P 0.05). The goal of this study was to see how two alternative diets (high protein-low fat vs. low protein-high fat) affected carcass and morphometric parameters, meat quality, and mineral and fatty acid composition in Chato Murciano pure pigs.

Author (S) Details

Begoña Peinado

Murcian Institute of Agricultural and Alimentary Research and Development, Murcia, Spain.

Laura Almela

Murcian Institute of Agricultural and Alimentary Research and Development, Murcia, Spain.

Nelson Duchi

Murcian Institute of Agricultural and Alimentary Research and Development, Murcia, Spain.

Angel Poto

Murcian Institute of Agricultural and Alimentary Research and Development, Murcia, Spain.

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A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study on Diet and Women Fertility

The purpose of this study was to see how diet and eating habits affect women’s fertility.

Materials and Procedures: This research was carried out in Baghdad’s seven distinct institutes and hospitals between January and September 2014. The participants were divided into two groups of 400 adult women ranging in age from 17 to 47 years. In group I, there were 300 fertile women and 100 infertile women. For data collection, a special questionnaire was created and employed.

The infertile and control groups were found to have a substantial difference in weight and body mass index (BMI). The average weights of the infertile and control groups were 73.07 kg and 69.06 kg, respectively, with a mean BMI of 28.83 kg and 26.70 kg for the infertile and control groups, respectively. Infertile women also drank more carbonated beverages, tea, chicken, and fish than the control group, while eating less milk and red meat. In addition, the infertile group consumed less corn oil and olive oil than the control group (5 and 0% vs. 21 and 2%, respectively), but consumed more solid fat and mixed fat (2 and 6 percent vs 0 and 2.7 percent , respectively).

Conclusion: While there are treatments for infertility, their high cost and high frequency of side effects have led researchers to investigate dietary factors that may contribute to infertility. The link between weight, BMI, and infertility was verified in this investigation. Diet was identified as one of the modifiable risk factors that may affect fertility in the current study’s selected groups; as a result, it is critical to place a greater emphasis on the role of diet in women’s fertility and raise women’s awareness of it, as well as suggesting more educational programmes at the primary health care level.

Author (S) Details

Hayder G. Oufi
Department of Pharmacy, National University of Science and Technology, Dhi Qar, Iraq.

Ruaa E. Alabd
Department of Family Medicine, Al-Zawiya Primary Health Care Center, Al-Rusafa Health Directorate, Baghdad, Iraq.

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Determining the Impact of Diet and Nutrition on Periodontal Health and Disease

The role of micronutrients has been extensively studied in recent decades, with the conclusion that proper daily nutrition and a proper balance of antioxidants, probiotics, natural agents, vitamin D, and calcium should be included in the prevention and treatment of periodontitis. The impact of nutraceutical dietary aliments on oral and overall health has recently piqued interest in the literature. An imbalance between host defence and environmental factors including smoking, poor nutrition, and a large percentage of periodontopathogenic bacteria is usually the cause of periodontal illnesses, chewing problems, and many destructive oral inflammatory diseases. For these reasons, It’s also crucial to pay attention to plaque control and boosting host resistance by quitting smoking, reducing stress, and eating a nutritious diet. Numerous clinical and experimental research have found a substantial link between periodontitis and a variety of systemic disorders, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, lung disease, and pregnancy difficulties. The goal of this chapter was to examine the impact of diet, micronutrients, and macronutrients on oral health, as well as to present a current and thoughtful viewpoint on the interaction between diet and natural agents on oral and periodontal disorders, using a right clinical approach.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Gaetano Isola
Department of General Surgery and Surgical-Medical Specialties, School of Dentistry, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

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Developing Preventive, Curative and Recovery (PCR) Strategy for Managing COVID-19

The recurrent waves of the COVID-19 epidemic have claimed the lives of numerous people all across the world. Some countries have done an excellent job of managing it, while others are still suffering. Modifications in lifestyle and good diet, in addition to drugs, may be two important weapons in the fight against COVID-19 infection. The current study focuses on the management approach for the COVID-19 pandemic. This method is known as the Preventive, Curative, and Recovery (PCR) strategy, and it is something that anyone may use to keep safe in such a dangerous circumstance. The activities to be made to keep the virus out of the body’s internal environment are included in the preventive strategy. When the body is in good shape, the healing process begins. comes into contact with infection The process of the body regaining lost strength is known as recovery. The paper aims to create a model that encompasses all three, dubbed the PCR Model.

Author (S) Details

Aprajita Kumari
University Department of Home Science, LNMU, Darbhanga, India.

Vikash Kumar
Department of Economics, CM College, Darbhanga, India.

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Monitoring and Assessment of Social and Behavioural Factors Associated with Dental Caries Experience among Adolescent School Children in Bengaluru City, India

Objective: To evaluate the effect of social and behavioral factors on the experience of dental caries among adolescent school children in Bengaluru City, India.

Design of Study: Cross sectional study.

Place and Duration of the Study: Primary schools of Bengaluru City, between November 2012 and March 2013.

Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted on 11 year old 814 adolescents attending upper primary schools of Bengaluru city and their parents. A separate interview was conducted on behavioral and social factors for adolescent students and parents, respectively. Using mouth mirrors and CPI probes under natural light, dental caries were registered according to WHO criteria. Descriptive analysis, bivariate analysis using chi-square tests and t-tests were included in the statistical analysis. Later, logistic regression analysis was performed on the variables.

Results: Dental caries experience of the adolescents studied was associated with social factors such as occupation of the mother (OR=1.9; 95 percent CI=1.3-2.3), presence of social support for mother during adulthood (OR=2.1; 95 percent CI=1.4-2.0), possession of television (TV)/computer at home (OR= 1.6; 95 percent =0.9-3.0); and behavioral factors such as adolescents who consume less than one.  It was also shown that parents giving snacks as a reward to adolescents who fulfill their wishes were strongly associated with adolescent dental caries experience (OR=2.34; 95 percent CI=1.2-3.4) TV influence on snacking, tooth brushing frequency and not using fluoridated dentifrice was also significantly associated with the experience of dental caries.

Conclusion: In shaping more proximal behavioral habits such as snacking among 11-year-old adolescents, social factors such as maternal occupation and social support play an important role. Such interactions eventually affected the experience of dental caries in this age group.

Author (s) Details

Dr. Sushi Kadanakuppe
Department of Public Health Dentistry, V. S. Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India.

Dr. S. S. Hiremath
Department of Public Health Dentistry, The Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India.

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