Trips and Readings from the Split House: Melville, Stone, Moby Dick, and Platoon

In this essay, Oliver Stone’s film Platoon is compared to Herman Melville’s classic Moby Dick as stories in which two protagonists, Chris and Ishmael, leave their homeland on a perilous voyage. Ishmael joins the whaling Pequod, seeking whales in the world’s oceans, while Chris goes to combat in the Vietnam woods. The conflicts of their split homeland, the United States of America, are present in both storylines. Platoon depicts the daily battle of a small unit in a military film where fighting sequences are central. Multi-ethnic troops conducting search and destroy operations reflect socioeconomic tensions in the US. Platoon is on the lookout for a tenacious and defiant foe of American science and military might. The novel Moby Dick is a metaphorical depiction of a divided America and Captain Ahab, who is obsessed with avenging himself on the White Whale. Platoon and Pequod are destroyed by American policy in Vietnam, much like Moby Dick. Using Michel Onfray as a guide, we view both stories as journeys that begin in a library and whose heroes imitate the Greek Achilles’ gesture of fleeing a comfortable home life for the dangers of the world on their way to immortality. Whether in Pequod or Platoon, our heroes take the risk of eventually maturing with the help of a metaphorical family of brothers. Ahab and Barnes, their symbolic parents, are castrating, tyrannical, and oppressive. The heroes’ complete independence occurs when they meet and eliminate their symbolic parents, bringing an end to their round trip back to the home from which they had set out.

Author (S) Details

Jose Mauricio Saldanha-Alvarez
Cultural Studies and Media Department, Federal Fluminense University, Brazil.
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The Persistence of Examination Misconduct in Nigerian Higher Education Systems: The Connection with the Degradation of the Family and Education Institutions

The continuance of test misconduct in Nigerian higher education systems was explored in this essay, as well as the dysfunctionality of families and educational institutions. The methodology used in the study was information gathered from a secondary source and content analysis. The longevity of examination misconduct has been connected to various issues, including bad parenting, a lack of good upbringing in the home, and corruption in educational institutions, according to R. K. Merton’s idea of dysfunctionality. In its final observations, the report suggested that if families and educational institutions could actively execute their sociological responsibilities, the pace at which examination dishonesty is rising in tertiary institutions might be substantially reduced.

Author (s) Details

Dare Ojo, Omonijo
Department of Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria and Department of Sociology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria.

Michael C. Anyaegbunam
Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

Resurrecta Maria Agu
Department of Psychology, University of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Umuagwo-Ohaji, Nigeria.

Chinwe Ifeyinwa Onyemaechi
Department of Psychology Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Tochukwu Stephen Onyeyili
Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

Rachael Amaka, Okafor
Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

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An Overview on Social Housing for Women Heads of Household in Congo Brazzaville

The findings of the general population census of 1974, 1984 and 2007 indicate a remarkable rise in the number of women and girls relative to men and boys. In the Republic of Congo, gender differences are still common, putting women and girls in a less desirable position than men and boys. There are less rights for women and girls, less knowledge, less access to all forms of resources, and more gender-based violence than their male counterparts. There are many single women in the population, divorced and widowed, who are the heads of their own households. Congo’s decision-makers and policy partners are only shocked by the persistent urban housing crisis in Congo and the absence of a practical principle for the development of collective social housing. However, in order to permanently eliminate gender discrimination and restore the harm caused to women, how can marginalised female-headed households be housed? From four viewpoints, this article reviews the status of women and the current urban housing situation, including: form and size of household, housing content and surface area per member. The roots of the development of households, whose heads are invariably women, are celibacy, divorce and widowhood. In general, children’s education and care for the elderly (senior citizens) are provided by women who have sufficient housing. The study proposes three key forms of social housing for women-headed households, with areas ranging from 25 m2 to 90 m2, on the basis of a literature review of population survey results. Thus, each member of the household profits from 8.50 m2 to 12 m2. The Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of the Congo, the Government of the Congolese Housing Bank (BCH) and the Sino Congolese Bank for Africa (BSCA) have been formed to play an important role in combating poverty and improving the living conditions of citizens.

Author(s) Details

Ndongo Alain Symphorien
LMEI/CUSI, Marien N’GOUABI University, Higher National Polytechnic School, Brazzaville, Congo.

Bachynska Liudmyla
Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine.

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Quality Attributes of Family Planning Programme towards a Successful Family Life

This paper discusses quality attributes of the family planning programme towards a successful family life. It highlights the barriers preventing most families from utilizing family planning facilities in Nigeria. The article went further to explore the quality attributes associated to family planning. The characteristics of a quality family planning programme were discussed and attributes of a well planned family life x-rayed. The quality family life and national development were examined and suggestions were proffered for achieving a good family planning program in any community in Nigeria. Family planning programme is a lifesaving scheme to families and investing in it is a necessity in today’s world. The continuous increase in the Nigerian population has aggravated the level of poverty among the populace. This is most devastating to families, preventing them from living a qualitative family life. This phenomenon is a drain to the nation’s human resources in national development. The various hindrances to family planning can be addressed to give chance to quality family planning programme in Nigeria towards a successful family life of its criticism.

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