Haemato- Biochemical and Electrolyte Changes in Naturally Occurring Theileria Associated Bovine Anaemia (Taba)

The goal of this study was to see how haematology and serum electrolytes changed in cows that were naturally infected with theileriosis. In the study, 102 crossbred cows aged 2 to 5 years were screened and analysed. Twelve of them were discovered to be naturally afflicted with theileria. A control group of twelve animals of the same age and appearance were kept. When compared to non-anemic (healthy) cattle, haematological parameters of haemoglobin, packed cell volume, total erythrocyte count, mean corpuscular volume, and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration were considerably (p 0.05) lower in anaemic cattle. In this investigation, electrolyte balance comparisons revealed a significant drop in sodium and ionised calcium concentrations in anaemic mice as compared to the control group at the p0.05 level. Differences in blood potassium and total calcium levels, on the other hand, were not statistically significant (p>0.05). When biochemical values were examined, anaemic animals had a substantial increase (p 0.05) in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels, but a significant decrease (p 0.05) in total protein and albumin concentrations. These findings revealed a bleak picture of circulating blood in animals suffering from theileria-related anaemia.

Author (S) Details

Yogeshpriya Somu

Department of Veterinary Medicine; Veterinary College and Research Institute, Tamilnadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Orathanadu, Thanjavur – 614 625, India.

Saravanan Mani

Veterinary Clinical Complex, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Tamilnadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Orathanadu, Thanjavur – 614 625, India.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/RAAVS-V2/article/view/4087

 

Normal Hematological Parameters of Barb Horses Raised in Tiaret, West of Algeria

Barb horse, pride of the Berbers, is a famous Maghreb horse of a particular significance in the
Algerian history, tradition and culture.
This study aims to establish the hematologic values specific to the barb horse in the national stud
farm “Chaou-Chaoua” in Tiaret, Algeria. Age of the studied animals varied between 1 and 23 years.
The effects of age and sex were analyzed by categorizing the horses into two groups of four
subgroups: A (1 – 2 years, n=5), B (3-5 years, n=5), C (5-10 years, n=5) and D (11-23 years, n=5) for
females and E (2 – 3 years, n=5), F (5-7, n=5), G (10, n=5) and H (11-25, n=5) for males. Blood
samples of all these healthy horseswere obtained to determine the following hematologic variables:
erythrocytes (RBC), hematocrit (Ht), hemoglobin (Hb), mean cell volume (MCV), mean corpuscular
hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), mean hemoglobin content (MHC), white blood cells (WBC),
neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, platelets, total number of platelets (PLT)
and mean platelet volume (MPV). The obtained results showed that the hematologic values are within
established standards ofother breeds of hot-blooded horses. Values of RBCs, HCT, Hb, WBCs and
lymphocytesapproached the lower limits of these standards. Statically significant (P˂0.05) differences
were observed between females in different age groups for MCV, MCHC, Platelets and the MPV.
Groups of males showed significant differences for lymphocytes and platelets. Between males and
females, significant differences were related to MCV, Neutrophils, Basophils Monocytes, Platelet and
MPV.This research showed that these hematologic parameters are weak, as they approach the lower
limits of the standards, and that neither age, nor sex seems to have an influence on the hematologic
values of the Barb horse.

Author (s) Details

Mira Chikhaoui
Laboratory of Research on Local Animal Products, Ibn Khaldoun University, Tiaret, Algeria.

Fadhéla Smail
Laboratory of Research on Local Animal Products, Ibn Khaldoun University, Tiaret, Algeria.

Fouzia Adda
Department of Animal Health, Veterinary Sciences Institute, Ibn Khaldoun University, Tiaret 14000, Algeria.

View Book :- http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/267

Experimental Study on Acute Exposure of Pyrazosulfuron Ethyl Induced Haematological and Blood Biochemical Changes in the Freshwater Teleost Fish Oreochromis mossambicus

The buildup of agriculture pesticides in the aquatic habitat through natural run-off is a major problem

faced by developing and developed countries. The present study was designed to evaluate the 96 hr

LC50 of herbicide, Pyrazosulfuron-Ethyl, which belongs to the Sulfonylurea group. Static bioassay with

continuous aeration under laboratory conditions, acute toxicity of the herbicide was determined for

freshwater fish Oreochromis mossambicus. Health indicators like hematological and biochemical

parameters are used to detect the functional status of fish under acute exposure. Moreover,

biochemical parameters like plasma glucose, protein, albumin and globulin were also studied to

evaluate the toxic potential of the herbicide. Results revealed that the herbicide led to significant

changes in the hematological parameters such as RBC count, Hb, PCV, MCH, MCHC, MCV and

WBC count and biochemical parameters. These alterations can be used as non-specific biomarkers in

herbicide contaminated aquatic ecosystems.

 

Author (s) Details

Ankur Upadhyay

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India.

Parth Pandya

Division of Biomedical and Life Sciences, School of Science, Navrachana University, Vadodara, India.

Pragna Parikh

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India.

View Book :- https://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/239