Study on the Effect of Biourine and Mycorrhizal Arbuscular Fungi towards Result and Value of Forage Nutrition Hymenachne amplexicaulis (Rudge) Nees) on the of Ex-Coal Mine Land: An Advanced Study

The goal of this study is to discover, obtain, and demonstrate that administering biourine and mycorrhiza arbuskula (FMA) to ex-coal mine land can enhance fertility, hence influencing the outcomes and nutritional value of forage feed. With four treatments and five replications, this study used a completely randomised design. The therapy includes: 1) a 0% biourine + FMA 20 g/pot concentration, 2) a 15% biourine + FMA 20 g/pot concentration, 3) a 30% biourine+ FMA 20 g/pot concentration, and 4) a 45 percent biourine + FMA 20 g/pot concentration. Dry matter, crude protein, dry matter digestibility, organic digestibility in vitro, and percentage of root infections by mycorrhizae were among the variables identified. The treatment had a very significant effect (P0.01) on all observable variables, according to the results of the analysis of variance. The highest value was obtained with a 45 percent biourin + FMA 20 g/pot treatment, followed by 30 percent biourine + FMA 20 g/pot, 15 percent biourine + FMA 20 g/pot, and 0 percent biourine + FMA 20 g/pot therapy. The treatment concentration of 45 percent biourine + FMA 20 g/pot was shown to be the best of all the variables studied in this study.

Author (S) Details

Hardi Syafria

Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Jambi, Kampus Pinang Masak Mendalo Jambi, Postal, Indonesia.

Novirman Jamarun

Faculty of Animal Husbandry of Andalas University, Campus Unand Limau Manis Padang, Postal, Indonesia.

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The Influence of Tradition over the Community of Faith: An Old Testament Perspective

In this article, (The Influence of Tradition over the Community of Faith: a Biblical Perspective), the author tries to understand the way the religious tradition influences the community of faith. The importance of the subject is demonstrated by the impact which a tradition has upon a certain community. The consequences can be serious. As far as the consequences for the Jewish community in history, it is showed that, even though they had lost their country many times, they miraculously preserved their identity. The author argues that tradition kept the community on track, by preserving some customs, practices that have been passed on from generation to generation. The main responsibility for this was given to the leaders of the community: the kings, the priests, and the prophets. When the leaders abandoned the Yahwist tradition, the community lost its identity. Another role of the tradition in relationship to the community is to educate the community. The Old Testament presents situations in which the geographical territory – the Land of Israel, reacted against the Jewish community in order to motivate it to keep the tradition. Two kinds of reactions of the land are presented against the community: The land had the power of driving out the Jews from their country, and the land can exercise pressure upon the community while the community was living into the land, in order to correct its attitude towards the tradition. We have the case of the Samaritan community, who did not keep the tradition of the land and experienced difficulties. As far as the attitude of the New Testament towards other communities living in the land, it was given the example of Jesus who had a favorable attitude towards Samaritans.  In some instances Jesus recommends some Samaritans as models to be followed by Jews. Even Jesus himself is identified in Christianity as being the Good Samaritan.

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