Civic Competences Aspect in the Educational Process of Pupils from Socio-economically Disadvantaged Backgrounds

Every one of us will experience an emergency at some point in our lives, whether it’s a fire, an accident, a traffic collision, or a natural disaster, and it’s critical that we know how to recognise them and respond appropriately. The major goal of the study is to measure the level of protection and safety awareness among primary school students in socioeconomically marginalised areas, ranging from first to third grade. The text describes the level of protection and safety awareness among Czech primary school students in the first to third grades who live in socioeconomically marginalised areas. Children’s and students’ education in areas of pollution prevention is becoming a hot topic. The problem is to alert and urge teachers to continue with topics that develop not only knowledge but also perceptions of the outside world and awareness of hazards and dangers that could damage a child’s or pupil’s development.

Author (S) Details

Lukas Starek
Department of Special Education, Univerzita Jana Amose Komenskeho Praha S.R.O., Rohacova 63 Prague 3, 130 00, Czech Republic.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/MPLLE-V9/article/view/3597

 

A Study to Adapt Raw Clay Housing to Climate Change: The Locust Bean Tree (Parkia biglobosa) was Used as Protective Material

Raw clay has been utilised in the construction of houses since antiquity and is still used today. Traditional habitat, which consists of a variety of structures strewn around our planet, serves as proof. Rain water wash, as well as any other maladies that may affect unprotected earthen walls, is a severe concern that must be carefully considered. This is why this research into the protection mechanisms for these kinds of walls is so fascinating. Low walls made of raw clay mixed with composite protective elements (both traditional and modern) were subjected to significant flooding in this experiment described in this article. According to the findings of the tests reviewed through the efficiency of the protecting materials, the locust bean tree (local tree) fruit husk extract used to raw clay mortar and properly mixed appears to provide superior ability to protect walls from water assault. In addition, consistency and plasticity tests revealed that the clay material properties had improved. According to studies, the decoction of Parkia biglobosa (néré) pods is high in tannins such as gallic acid, epicatechin gallate, and epigallocatechin.

Author (S) Details

Samah Ouro-Djobo Essoavana
Building and Housing Centre, National High School of Engineers, University of Lomé, Lomé 20 564, Togo.

Amey Kossi Bollanigni
Building and Housing Centre, National High School of Engineers, University of Lomé, Lomé 20 564, Togo.

Sanya Emile
Industrial Vocational Study and Research Laboratory, Abomey Calavi University, Cotonou 00229, Bénin.

Vianou Antoine
Industrial Vocational Study and Research Laboratory, Abomey Calavi University, Cotonou 00229, Bénin.

Atcholi Esso Kokou
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Design, University of Technology of Belfort-Montbeliard, Belfort 90010, France.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/AAER-V16/article/view/1998

Synthesis of Acylals from Aromatic Aldehydes and Their Deprotections Catalyzed by Synthetic Phosphates: Practical and Ecological Approach

Effective and clean preparation of aromatic aldehyde acylals in the presence of synthetic phosphates (flourapatite and hydroxyapatite doped with ZnCl2 and ZnBr2) and acetic anhydride was easily achieved under solvent-free conditions at room temperature at high yields (86% – 97%). The deprotection of the resulting acylum was also accomplished by using the same microwave irradiation catalysts. Excellent yields (82 percent – 96 percent) and a quick reaction time are consistently advantaged by this strategy (3 – 4 min).

Author (s) Details

Fathallaah Bazi
Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et physicochimie des Matériaux, Université Hassan II, Faculté des Sciences Ben M’Sik, Casablanca, Morocco.

Bahija Mounir
Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et physicochimie des Matériaux, Université Hassan II, Faculté des Sciences Ben M’Sik, Casablanca, Morocco.

Mohammed Hamza
Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et physicochimie des Matériaux, Université Hassan II, Faculté des Sciences Ben M’Sik, Casablanca, Morocco.

Said Sebti
Laboratoire de Chimie Physique Catalyse et Environnement, Université Hassan II, Faculté des Sciences Ben M’Sik, Casablanca, Morocco.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CPCS-V7/issue/view/5

On the Local and Global stability analysis for the Typhoid Fever Disease incorporating Protection against Infection

A mathematical model for typhoid fever disease incorporating protection against infection is hereby analyzed. Specifically, local and global Stability analysis of the model are carried out to determine the conditions that favour the spread of the disease in a given population. Numerical simulation of the model carried showed that an increase in protection leads to low disease prevalence in a population.

Read full article: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/view/81/1130/794-1

Influence of Microorganisms on Corrosion Induction and Protection

The microbial corrosion or the microbiologically induced corrosion (MIC) is defined as the deterioration of metals as a result of metabolic activities of microorganisms. MIC leads to important economical losses in many industries and services. Anaerobic Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) is a serious type of MIC commonly found in the oil and gas industry sector and are responsible for most highly corrosion damages to offshore steel structures. The SRB present in the crude oil uses the sulfate as an electron acceptor generating corrosive hydrogen sulfide (H2S) as one of their products. Other types of MIC are the aerobic iron and manganese bacteria mainly responsible about the accelerated pitting attacks of stainless steel. Most MIC takes the form of pits that form below the colonies of living organic matter and mineral and the deposits of biological origin. The most affected devices by MIC are stainless and carbon steel tanks, pipelines, heat exchangers, fuel storage tanks. On the other hand, many beneficial bacteria, (such as Bacillus lichiniformis) have the ability to protect metal surfaces from corrosion via different mechanisms including biofilms and formation of sticky protective layer of γ-poly-glutamate or antibiotics on metal surfaces. The aim of the present work is to present a spotlight on the history and the role of microorganisms in corrosion induction and prevention. This chapter includes corrosion inhibition mechanisms employing beneficial microorganisms with special reference to microbial biofilms to avoid the dramatic economic loss due to corrosion. On the contrary, different types of harmful microorganisms included in corrosion are also discussed including iron and sulfur reducing bacteria.

Read full article: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/view/54/592/479-1